Hessonite is a variety of grossular garnet. The stone usually displays a warm brownish orange or red color. This color, as well as its historic connection with the spice-producing country of Sri Lanka, have given the synonym “cinnamon stone” to hessonite. The major sources are Brazil, Canada, Madagascar, Mexico, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and the US, and hessonite is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
The colors of Mali garnet include yellow, greenish-yellow, yellowish-brown and brown (brown stones have usually less value). The most valuable Mali garnet is the extremely rare chrome green color. Cut Mali garnets are notable for their brilliance and especially their dispersion when the body color is light enough to let it show. Mali garnets are found in alluvial deposits from the West African country of Mali. Mali remains the only known source for Mali garnet to this day, and it is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
The finest Pyrope garnet has a glowing red color. Other pyrope colors range from medium to dark reddish orange to purplish red. The major sources are South Africa and the US, and pyrope garnet is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
Rhodolite garnet is a mixture of two types of garnet: almandine and pyrope. Rhodolite’s full color range includes light to dark purplish red through reddish purple. The major sources are Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, and rhodolite is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
Mandarine garnet, also called spessartine garnet, displays a bright and lively orange. The major sources are Brazil, Madagascar, Myanmar, Namibia, Sri Lanka, the US, and Mandarin garnet is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
Only a few sources of Tsavorite have been discovered, so supplies of it are limited. Because of its often delightfully bright color, it has become one of the most sought-after and expensive garnets. Its color ranges from light to dark intense yellowish green or green. Its intense green color and the fact that it’s generally untreated make it an exotic, high-quality alternative to emerald. The sources are Kenya and Tanzania, and tsavorite is the birthstone for January, like the other garnets.
- Pyrope Garnet
- Mali Garnet
- Hessonite Garnet
- Rhodolite Garnet
- Mandarin Garnet
- Tsavorite Garnet